DSLR Cameras – All you Need to Know About Full Frame and Crop Sensors.

Lots of features are being introduced in the world of DSLR Cameras these days. These are all part of the competition. But when DSLR cameras were introduced, two players dominated the industry – Canon and Nikon. Different models of Canon DSLRs and Nikon DSLR Cameras were introduced in the camera market and gave a tough competition to the other companies. This led to the introduction of some special features that sets the DSLR cameras a class apart. One such special feature is the Full Frame Sensors (Fx Format).


Full Frame Sensors Vs Crop Sensors

Crop Sensors are small sized sensors. Hence, when a lens intended for film camera is used in a Crop Sensor camera, the image projected by the lens on the sensor is cut off. One such camera is the Canon EOS 70D camera which is a APS-C crop sensor camera (Canon manufactures only one size of crop sensor called the APS-C sensor). There is no doubt that it is an excellent camera but it has less detail in images and when the light level drops, the noise level increases. When image quality is concerned, it is a bit at the lower side compared to full frame sensor DSLRs. (For more details on the specs, refer the Canon EOS 70D Manual). But there are other models in Canon like the 6D that have full frame sensors and produces lovely images but it is very expensive.

The difference in the size of the crop sensors is determined by the crop factor. If the crop factor is larger, the size of the sensor is smaller. One more point to keep in mind is that the crop sensor only crops the lens’ angle of view in its sides. It has nothing to do with the focal length.

Full Frame Cameras have zero crop factor. It means that their sensors that is almost the same size of 35 mm film. While DSLRs with small sensors crop part of the image projected by the lens, a full frame DSLR doesn’t crop the image and thus, in such cameras a 20mm lens still works as a 20mm lens giving a wider-angle picture.


Advantages of Using a Full Frame Sensor DSLR

Advantage 1: Full Frame DSLR cameras can use wide-angle lenses. This means that full frame DSLRs can capture landscapes and interiors in full view. Full Frame DSLRs are a boon to photographers who want to take a lot of wide-angle pictures.

Advantage 2: The full frame Sensor is larger than the Crop Sensor and hence, it is possible to capture large images with high quality.


The Pentax K-1 Full Frame Camera

The Pentax K-1 is a full frame camera with excellent value for money. Its extraordinary levels of manual control using the top plate combined with high resolution makes it a tough competitor to contend with. While companies like Canon, Nikon and Sony introduced their full frame cameras a decade back, Pentax has taken its own time in satisfying its loyal fans. Its features are quite impressive – the 36 million full frame sensors, with built-in 5 axis image stabilization helps in keeping the images sharp. The price is unexpectedly low when compared to the features it offers.

Full Frame are advantageous in a lot of aspects. But remember that they cost more.